The American Bison or “buffalo”, is a North American species of bison that once roamed North America in vast herds – the wild population once reached in excess of 60 million in the late 18th Century. Due to extreme commercial hunting, the population fell to just 541 animals by 1889. Today, the wild population now sits at roughly 15,000. The Bison is the heaviest land animal in North America, and the second tallest after the Moose. Legislation was signed on May 9, 2016 to make the Bison the National Mammal of the United States of America. Bison can run up to 35-50 mph.
Country of Origin: North America
Weight: 701 - 2200 lbs
Size: 5 - 6 feet tall at the shoulder
Lifespan: 15 years in the wild, up to 25 years in captivity
Diet: Cool season grasses, including sedges, compose 79-96% of their diet. In northern areas, they will also consume snow on a daily basis.