Project Description

(Pavo cristatus)

Also known as the common peafowl or the blue peafowl, this species is native to the Indian subcontinent. Males are called peacocks, where females are called peahens. The function of the peacock’s elaborate train of feathers has been debated amongst biologists for over a century. The current, and most popular theory is that the peacocks show their feathers as a courtship display for females. The greater the number of eye spots in the feather train, the greater the success of mating. Peacocks will develop a full train and reach sexual maturity at 2-3 years of age. The Indian Peafowl is the the National Bird of India and celebrated in Hindu and Greek mythology.

Fast Facts

Country of Origin: India

Weight: Up to 13.2 lbs

Size: 77 - 89 inches in length for males with a full train

Lifespan: 15 years in the wild, up to 23+ years in captivity

Diet: Foraging birds, Peafowl eat berries and grains, but will also prey upon snakes, lizards, and small rodents.

Conservation Status: Least Concern

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