Project Description

(Cervus canadensis)

Elk are one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, and one of the largest mammals in North America as well as Northeast Asia. Male Elk have large antlers, which are shed every year and can weigh up to 40 lbs. Females do not grow antlers. Elk are hunted as a game species because their meat is higher in protein than beef or chicken. Male Elk have a loud vocalization consisting of screams known as bugling, and they can be heard for miles. Females are attracted to males that bugle more often and have the loudest call. Every year, 200,000 wild Elk in the Yellowstone National Park area migrate during the spring and fall, making this the longest elk migration in the continental USA.

Fast Facts

Country of Origin: North America

Weight: 496 - 730 lbs

Size: 4.3 - 5.0 feet tall at the shoulder

Lifespan: 10-13 years in the wild, up to 20 years in captivity.

Diet: Similar to cattle, Elk are primarily grazers. They feed on native grasses, tree bark, and tree sprouts.

Conservation Status: Least Concern

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